Bone Grafting for Implants
Is there sufficient bone for dental implants?
Following a tooth extraction, if the walls of the socket are thick, they will naturally fill in with bone after about 2 to 3 months. However, when the walls of your socket are thin (like along your upper and lower front teeth), it can add to the healing time. In these situations, a bone graft is placed at the time of tooth extraction to help your body fill in the empty socket with bone.
This extra step maintains the width and volume of bone you will need for implant placement in the future.
1. Inadequate Bone
2. Graft Material Placed
3. Implants Placed
If there is insufficient bone available for implants or if your tooth was removed some time ago, a bone graft can be placed next to the thin bone and allowed to heal for approximately 3 months. After the graft has fused to your pre-existing bone, the ridge can be re-entered by the surgeon who will then place the implant. Bone grafting is a relatively straightforward and painless dental procedure and there are many different bone grafting materials available, including your own bone.
1. Inadequate Bone
2. Graft Material and Implant Placed
Patients can also have bone grafting done if their sinus cavities in their upper jaw are large or low, and extend into the tooth-bearing areas. This can happen when teeth in the back of a person’s upper jaw have been removed some time ago, and the amount of bone available becomes limited. A sinus grafting procedure might be required which is performed in our surgical practice with local anesthesia (and sometimes sedation). During this procedure, the membrane that lines the sinus will be located and elevated. Bone will then be added to restore the bone height and ensure that correct dental implants can be placed. This procedure can often be performed at the time of implant placement.